Understand the rules that apply to apprentices

The way in which vocational training for apprentices is structured is explained below.

General information about vocational training

Danish vocational training and training schemes (I-VET) are alternating or ‘sandwich-type’ schemes, meaning that practical training with an employer alternates with learning at a vocational college.

The schemes consist of a basic and a main programme. The apprentice must enter into an apprenticeship agreement with an employer certified by the national trade committees (a confederation of representatives of employers and employees) in order to complete the main programme.

The national trade committees have considerable influence on and wide-ranging responsibility for VET.

The structure of the programme

A vocational course usually takes 3-3½ years to complete, but certain programmes may be shorter or longer (from 1½ and up to 5 years). In order to be eligible to complete a course, apprentices must have an apprenticeship agreement in place with a certified employer. This agreement may cover all or parts of a basic course, but is compulsory for the main part of the course. Apprenticeship agreements for shorter periods, incl. a minimum of one college period and work placement, are also possible.

If the apprentice cannot find a work placement, work experience may be gained at work experience center at a vocational college. The work experience center will then act as the apprentice’s employer.

For further information on vocational training in Denmark, please click here.