Who is responsible for apprenticeships

The Danish Model

In Denmark, all matters related to the labour market are negotiated between the employer’s association, the employee’s union and the government. This is called the Danish Model.

Thus, employers’ associations and trade unions make up the two sides of the social dialogue. (Sometimes the government is also included.) These social partners have a vital role to play in reaching out to employees and employers. They also seek to increase the representation of their membership to ensure deeper and broader benefits of association, representation and leadership, also in the field of public policy, its formulation and implementation.

National trade committees

Pursuant to Danish legislation on vocational training, a national trade committee is appointed to all vocational courses. These committees are made up of an equal number of representatives of the employer and the employees.

The responsibilities of a trade committee include:

  • Continuous updating of the content and framework of the apprenticeship in admissions regulations and course programmes
  • Appropriate surveys, trials and development projects for the apprenticeship and its technical areas
  • Liaison with ministries and organisations about the apprenticeships
  • Certification of employers
  • Apprenticeship tests – content and development
  • Appointment of external examiners
  • Certificate of vocational aptitude and medals
  • Apprenticeship Agreements – curtailment, credits, extensions
  • Disputes

The national trade committees assigns tasks to local training committees at individual trade colleges.

Local training committees

At the colleges, the national trade committees appoint a local training committee for each of the apprenticeships offered at the college. At the local level, these are required to advise the colleges on the planning of the apprenticeships, work towards the development of partnerships with local employers and strive to secure further work placement opportunities.